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Monday, June 25, 2012

Women at Cambridge part 2

Earlier I outlined women scholars' entry into the Cambridge world, now here are some memorable female scholars who made a mark on the university.
1931 students of Girton College Life Magazine

Emily Davies (1830-1921) founded Girton College, the first girls college at Cambridge. She was also a renowned suffragist and feminist.

Emily Davies
Anne Jemima Clough (1820-1892) was a suffragist and established Newnham Collage, which started out as a hostel for women traveling to attend lectures at the University.

Anne Clough
Agnata Ramsay (1867-1931) scored the top score in the 1887 Classics Exam. She was the only scholar to score in the highest category. In Punch Magazine a cartoon celebrating her and supporting women's intellectual equality was featured.  
Punch Magazine 1887

Philippa Fawcett (1868-1948) made a lasting mark on female education history. On June 7, 1890 she scored the top score on the Cambridge Math Exam. It was the hardest test in it's subject, earlier scholars who had studied for it had suffered from nervous breakdowns or even death after taking the exam. The highest scoring scholar was always awarded the title of "Senior Wrangler", because Philippa was female she was not given the title, the second place scorer received it. Instead she was listed as "Above the Senior Wrangler". This was the first time a woman had scored highest in Mathematics and the last. The exam was discontinued in 1909.

Philippa Fawcett

Dorothy Annie Elizabeth Garrod (1892-1968) was the first woman to be elected a professor at Cambridge as well as Oxford. She was a lauded archeologist and was elected to the Disney Chair in 1939 at Newnham Collage, Cambridge.
Dorothy Garrod

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